[7] The force is funded primarily by the rail industry, and does not receive central government funding. [citation needed]. BTP officers need however to move between railway sites and often have a presence in city centres. I was also a member of Dundee CID for 5 years and was a Scene Manager for many years too. BTP previously used to police several sea ports and docks until privatisation and the dock board decision in 1985. This is the corporate Police Scotland Facebook page. To support the delivery of local policing, the area is divided geographically into three Command Areas: birthplace. We believe that our new Locality model will set us up well for the foreseeable future, not only with our key partners and local communities but also in terms of community empowerment legislation. Police Scotland was established on 1 April 2013 and is responsible for policing across the whole of Scotland, some 28,168 square miles, covering a third of the United Kingdom’s landmass with a unique range of urban, rural, island and remote communities. [21], Route crime[22] collectively describes crimes and offences of trespass and vandalism which occur on railway lines and can affect the running of train services. In 1947 the Transport Act created the British Transport Commission (BTC) which unified the railway system. E Division (Specialist Operations) was formed in 2020, removing the counter-terrorism units and assets from A Division, and placing them into their own division. [55][56] Another "Emergency Response Unit" was established in partnership with Network Rail in the Glasgow area in the run-up to the 2014 Commonwealth Games. Reports alleging criminal conduct by police officers acting in the course of their duties are made to and investigated by a specialist division within COPFS: the Criminal Allegations Against Police Division (CAAP-D). British Transport Police are the only special police force that employ police community support officers (PCSOs). Each locality will be led by an Inspector reporting to their respective LPA commanders who are Chief Inspector David McIntosh in Dundee, Chief Inspector Wayne Morrison in Angus and Chief Inspector Ian Scott in Perth & Kinross. The repeal of this subsection, which came into effect on 12 April 2015,[86] now means BTP officers are able to use their powers on or off duty and in uniform or plain clothes regardless of whether they are in possession of their warrant card.[87]. Section 22 of the Infrastructure Act 2015[84] repealed section 100(3)(a) of the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001[85] which required BTP officers to be in uniform or in possession of documentary evidence (i.e. However Railway police were not involved in his apprehension. [53] Officers from the unit treated over 650 people in the first year of operation, including rescuing a passenger who fell onto the tracks, and made 50 arrests.[60]. addresses Our communities have told us that they believe we have lost elements of this kind of community policing so we want to return to it. This is the first mention of railway police anywhere and was three years before the Metropolitan Police Act was passed. As part of this, they wished to have the functions of the BTP within Greater London absorbed by the Metropolitan Police. Following from this, Police Division boundaries were defined to enable policing at the local level. This is the corporate Police Scotland Facebook page. [19] The BTP are deployed on armed patrols using Glock 17 pistols, LMT AR-15 CQB carbines[20] and tasers. Police Scotland are working closely with Sepa and our partners at Scottish Government and the wider UK law enforcement community to investigate and provide support in response to this incident. [33] In terms of officer numbers it is the largest of the three special police forces and the 11th largest police force in the United Kingdom overall. Discussing the review in January 2017, DCC Hanstock commented on the specific responsibilities of BTP and stakeholder responses to the infrastructure policing review: "What is different is the environment—understanding the risks, threats and health and safety elements—and being specially trained to operate in a transport way. Whenever British Transport Police officers exercise police powers under the Extended Jurisdiction Arrangements the BTP Chief Constable will ensure that the relevant Local Chief Constable is notified as soon as practicable. [77] If a constable from the MDP or CNC makes the request, then the powers of the BTP officer are the same as those of the requesting constable.[77]. marital status and whether the officer had any children. There are more than one billion passenger journeys annually on the main lines alone. The Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012 dissolved the eight former police and fire areas in to a single service for all of Scotland. [97] BTP is known to often attract PCSOs already serving in other police forces. As a result of the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001[76] BTP officers can act as police constables outside their normal jurisdiction in the following circumstances: to assist him/her in the execution of their duties in relation to a particular incident, investigation or operation, a BTP constable also has the powers of the requesting officer for the purposes of that incident, investigation or operation. In August 2018 it was reported the proposed merger could be amended.[103][104]. It was formed in 2013 with the merger of all eight territorial police forces in Scotland and the specialist services of the Scottish Police Services Authority, including the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcement Agency. As well as having jurisdiction across the national rail network, the BTP is also responsible for policing: This amounts to around 10,000 miles of track and more than 3,000 railway stations and depots. [8] With BTP now playing a large role in counter-terrorism on the rail network, the force also receives some grants towards its firearms units. In 1957 the Maxwell-Johnson enquiry found that policing requirements for the railway could not be met by civil forces and that it was essential that a specialist police force be retained. Police Scotland Lynne Brockett believes she is being targeted because Police Scotland has a vendetta against Scott Bennett, who has served jail … [26], Operation Shield is an initiative by BTP to reduce the number of knives carried by passengers on the rail network. in relation to people whom they suspect on reasonable grounds of having committed, being in the course of committing or being about to commit an offence, or. 59K likes. E division comprises the force’s specialist counter-terrorism units including the Firearms Unit, Dog Branch, Specialist Response Unit and others. This database is a useful tool in assessing how licensees are upholding licensing laws and fulfilling their obligations under these regulations. In terms of officer numbers it is the largest of the three special police forces and the 11th largest police force in the United Kingdom overall. D Division Scotland • Number of notifiable offences for physical and verbal assaults • Number and percentage of positive outcomes for physical and verbal assaults against railway staff • Outcome types for assaults against railway staff • Operations Manager Compliance with Victims Code of Practice • Number of disruption incidents Police Scotland has released CCTV of a man officers wish to speak to in connection with assaults in the Meadows area of Edinburgh. Many 'non-police' duties were retained however, with officers acting as crossing keepers or locking and sealing wagons. It was originally thought the merger could happen as early as 2016, however the merger was postponed following difficulties with IT systems and protections for current staff after integration. These armies of rough workers – navigators, or "navvies" for short – brought fear into rural Victorian England. This division is further divided into the following sub-divisions: As of 2015, C Division houses the second largest number of personnel within BTP: 921 police officers, 127 special constables, 132 PCSOs and 180 civilian staff. BTP is not responsible for policing the majority of the Tyne and Wear Metro (which is instead policed by Northumbria Police's Metro Unit) or the entirety of the Manchester Metrolink (policed by Greater Manchester Police). On 1 January 1962 the British Transport Commission Police ceased to cover British Waterways property[18] and exactly a year later when the BTC was abolished the name of the force was amended to the British Transport Police. Two options for this were developed; Option 1: A single National Infrastructure Constabulary combining the function of the Civil Nuclear Constabulary, the Ministry of Defence Police, the British Transport Police, the Highways England Traffic Officer Service, DVSA uniformed enforcement officers and Home Office police forces' airport and port police units, along with private port police; or. age, sometimes including actual date of birth. [57], In May 2012, the BTP formed the Medic Response Unit to respond to medical incidents on the London Underground network, primarily to reduce disruption to the network during the 2012 Summer Olympics. Scotland's Justice Minister has stated: "It's been the Scottish government's view that [transport policing] would be better if it was integrated into Police Scotland given that it would sit alongside our national police service." to protect the public from the navvies more or less. Constables are required to make the declaration required by s.10 of the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012 before a sheriff or justice of the peace. BTP is one of only three forces to issue its PCSOs handcuffs, the other two being North Wales Police and Dyfed-Powys Police. The continually expanding network of railways gave criminals new opportunities to move around the country and commit crime. These personnel carried out their duties mostly in the open beside the track and were often dressed in a similar manner (e.g. Please change your browser settings or upgrade your browser. [72], without a warrant, using reasonable force if necessary, and whether or not an offence has been committed. This warning is repeated by the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) webpage dealing with MPS records of service which on the matter of records of other forces held by the Public Record Office (now the National Archives) states: "The occasional references to 'Police Department' in the railway staff records relate to signalmen etc., although some were simultaneously county constables."[17]. A BTP constable, other than a special constable, can: The power can be exercised on or off of transport property without restriction. The force previously ran a number of non-designated custody suites around the country, which had all been closed down by 2014. This site requires JavaScript and Cookies to be enabled. "I, do solemnly, sincerely and truly declare and affirm that I will faithfully discharge the duties of the office of constable with fairness, integrity, diligence and impartiality,and that I will uphold fundamental human rights and accord equal respect to all people, according to law". Detective inspector Michael McCullagh, of Police Scotland’s cybercrime investigations unit, said: “This remains an ongoing investigation. This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 23:12. [59] At the end of the trial period, in October 2013, the unit was reduced to eight officers; the other twelve returned to regular policing duties after TfL judged the results of the scheme to be less than conclusive. As a Division, we have listened to feedback we have received over the last two years from our own staff, the public and our key partners. Most of the British police ranks that exist today were chosen by Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel, the founder of the Metropolitan Police, enacted under the Metropolitan Police Act 1829. There are no sub-divisions within D Division. [77] If a constable from a territorial police force makes the request, then the powers of the BTP constable extend only to the requesting constable's police area. ", When policing the Channel Tunnel, BTP constables have the same powers and privileges as members of Kent Police when in France,[80] and will also be under the direction and control of the Chief Constable of Kent. “On B Division we continue to focus our attention on maintaining a safe environment for everyone who travels or works on the rail and tube network. Each locality will have its own Inspector and that brings management and understanding of policing issues to a much more local level. This included under taking immigration control at smaller ports until the Immigration Service expanded. BTP specials do not wear the 'SC' insignia (a crown with the letters SC underneath) on their epaulettes unlike some of their counterparts in some Home Office police forces. The use of the blue lights on the unit's vehicles is subject to the same criteria as with any other police vehicle[50][51][52] In December 2013, TfL announced that the trial of blue lights had ended, and that ERU vehicles would retain blue lights, as BTP drivers had halved the unit's response time to incidents. A BTP constable has the same powers and privileges of a constable of a territorial police force:[77], A BTP constable may only use such powers if he believes on reasonable grounds that if he cannot do so until he secures the attendance of or a request from a local constable (as above), the purpose for which he believes it ought to be exercised will be frustrated or seriously prejudiced.[77]. This division is headed by a senior prosecutor who leads an experienced and senior team of investigators and prosecutors. a top hat and frock coat) to early police constables but were not directly concerned with law enforcement. [70] In June 2017 BTP announced that the force firearms capability would be expanding outside of London with plans to establish armouries and hubs at Birmingham and Manchester. "Other than in the circumstances set out under Mutual Aid, British Transport Police officers will not normally seek to exercise extended jurisdiction arrangements to deal with other matters unless they come across an incident requiring police action whilst in the course of their normal duties. In May 2011, the Secretary of State for Transport announced with agreement from the Home Secretary that approval had been given for BTP to develop a firearms capability following a submission to government in December by BTP. [36], Divisional Commander: Chief Superintendent John Conaghan. [88] BTP officers became employees of the police authority; prior to that, they were employees of the Strategic Rail Authority. This initiative came about after knife crime began to rise and also because of the murder of a passenger on a Virgin CrossCountry service travelling from Glasgow. The unit carries TfL engineers to incidents on the London Underground, such as one unders and terrorist incidents. [100], In 2006 PCSO George Roach became the first BTP PCSO to be awarded a Chief Constable's Commendation after he saved a suicidal man from an oncoming train at Liverpool Lime Street railway station.[101]. Western - Sub-divisional Commander: Superintendent Mark Cleland, London North (Area HQ in London - Caledonian Road), London Underground (Area HQ in London - Broadway), London South (Area HQ in London - Bridge Street), on track (any land or other property comprising the permanent way of any railway, taken together with the ballast, sleepers and rails laid thereon, whether or not the land or other property is also used for other purposes, any level crossings, bridges, viaducts, tunnels, culverts, retaining walls, or other structures used or to be used for the support of, or otherwise in connection with, track; and any walls, fences or other structures bounding the railway or bounding any adjacent or adjoining property), on network (a railway line, or installations associated with a railway line), in a station (any land or other property which consists of premises used as, or for the purposes of, or otherwise in connection with, a railway passenger station or railway passenger terminal (including any approaches, forecourt, cycle store or car park), whether or not the land or other property is, or the premises are, also used for other purposes), on other land used for purposes of or in relation to a railway, the transport police, on other land in which a person who provides railway services has a freehold or leasehold interest, and. The force does not receive any direct funding from the Home Office, but may apply for grants – such as for special events, like the London 2012 Olympic Games. if they believe on reasonable grounds that they need those powers and privileges in order to save life or to prevent or minimise personal injury or damage to property. The Police Service of Scotland – operationally shortened to Police Scotland – is the primary police service of Scotland. A partnership between Transport for London and BTP led to the formation of the ERU. former occupation. a ship, registered under the law of a relevant territory, in England and Wales waters or international waters. The first railway murder was committed by Franz Muller, who robbed and killed a fellow passenger on a North London Railway train in 1864. The personnel records may include: name of officer. Divisional Commander Chief Superintendent Alan Gibson is the Local Police Commander for Forth Valley Division and has responsibility for policing across the division. Similar schemes have been implemented elsewhere in the country, including a partnership with Network Rail and South West Trains (SWT) in which a BTP officer crews an "Emergency Intervention Unit", which conveys engineers and equipment to incidents on SWT's network using blue lights. In June 2018 it was reported that these proposals had also been shelved for the time being. [30] Around 95% of BTP's funding comes from the train operating companies. They were not, however, described as "constables" and the description may refer to men controlling the trains rather than enforcing the law. The special constabulary has followed many Home Office forces in implementing a rank structure for special constables. At the end of the event several of our adult volunteers Sgt Dario D'Andrea, John Kyle and James McGonigle (not pictured) were recognised for their contribution to the # PSYV for developing abbreviated guides to Scot's law in partnership with Police Scotland and the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service. [43], As of 2015, D Division is the smallest in terms of personnel housing 214 police officers, 24 special constables and 46 civilian staff. The BTP established Operation Drum in 2006 as a national response to the increase in metal theft offences and also chairs the relevant Association of Chief Police Officers working group. Scotland is a unique division working under Scottish law and legislation that requires dedicated officers to police their railways. The Railways Act 1921 amalgamated over one hundred separate railway systems (of which about 20 had organised police forces) into four groups: Each had its own police force controlled by a chief of police. The CID initially was a small force of plainclothes detectives who gathered information on criminal activities. As of 2015[update], 393 police officers, 10 special constables and 946 civilian staff are based at FHQ. The proposal came about after it was recommended by the Smith Commission on further devolution and included in draft legislation with the UK government stating "how rail transport is policed in Scotland will be a matter for Scotland once the legislation is passed". The industry membership represent five out of 13 members. The British Transport Police (BTP) is a national special police force[6] that polices railways and light-rail systems in England, Wales and Scotland, for which it has entered into an agreement to provide such services. [32] The police authority decides objectives. The scheme was initially for a 12-month trial, and consisted of 20 police officers (18 police constables and two sergeants) and two dedicated fast-response cars. It is worth highlighting that there has been no change to the total number of officers in the Division as a result of these particular changes. ", "Provision of armed capability for the British Transport Police", "Guns on the Underground: Armed police to routinely patrol Tube amid threat from ISIS", "Firearms used by British Transport Police - Freedom of Information Request 794-14", "Armed response call outs - Freedom of Information Request 937-14", "Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014", "Specialist firearms officers to patrol on trains as part of threat level change", "Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003 (c. 20)", "Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 (c.24) – Statute Law Database", "ACPO Policing Protocol between BTP & Home Office Forces", "section 136, Criminal Justice & Public Order Act 1994", "National and International Maritime Policing Powers- Policing and Crime Act 2017", http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2015/7/section/22, http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2001/24/section/100, "s18 Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003", "PCSOs-national, the site for Police Community Support Officers across the UK", "S44/S60 Authorisations and PCSO powers. PCSO Sykes then detained Docherty who was then arrested and later imprisoned after trial. In 1838 the Royal Mail was conveyed by rail for the first time. We have taken a number of elements which we know have worked before and created a model which we consider makes best use of our available resources and is right for Tayside communities, both now and for the foreseeable future. From 1900, several railway companies re-organised their police forces. These LPA commanders will have responsibility for all day-to-day policing functions in their areas. If requested by the chief constable of one of the forces mentioned above, a BTP constable takes on all the powers and privileges of members of the requesting force. A number of women were approached separately by a man between 10.30pm and 11.30 pm on Monday, 11 January, 2021, when they were walking in … There are currently … The following is a list of each division with its usual name (in… [citation needed]. Its training and equipment is the same as that of the London Ambulance Service in order to ensure smooth hand-overs of patients. [citation needed] This is distinct from the establishment of a police force by statute, as applicable to the Metropolitan Police in 1829; BTP did not have jurisdiction on a statutory basis until the enactment of the Transport Police (Jurisdiction) Act 1994,[15] which was subsequently amended by the Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003. However, criticism of this proposal has risen due to some interested parties' perception of a lack of consultation, including the effects on the future of BTP as a force, as well as the continued specialist nature of railway policing should the merger go ahead. Other articles where Criminal Investigation Department is discussed: Scotland Yard: …Scotland Yard set up its Criminal Investigation Department (CID) in 1878. [35], Based at BTP Headquarters in Central London, this division retains overall control of the other divisions and houses central functions including forensics, CCTV and major investigations. D Division Scotland Targets 2015/16 Develop train services/customer satisfaction PSPs to achieve a total satisfaction rate of at least 75 per cent On-train patrols late at night are a … On 1 January 1845 a railway police sergeant became the first person to arrest a murderer following the use of an electric telegraph. The force only acquired the power to designate custody suites in 2001,[46] whereby all of the custody suites up until that point were non-designated. The Chief Constable believes localism is key to providing meaningful policing to the diverse communities across Scotland. 10,000 miles (16,000 km) of track and more than 3,000 railway stations and depots. Since March 2014, the Chief Constable has been Paul Crowther OBE. I thought I’d straighten it out for you so you can catch the insubordination when a DC contradicts a DS, or God forbid a DCI, in front of the squad room, or you’ll know when your main character is going to get his butt chewed by a superior. In 1848 the Eastern Counties Railway lost 76 pieces of luggage in just one day, and by the following year thefts from the largest six railways amounted to over £100,000 a year. Police Scotland – D Division ... Theseincidents are recordedon the Police Scotland ‘INNKEEPER’system. Police Scotland 17:51, 19 JAN 2021. This is the only known power that is available to 'regular' BTP constables and not BTP special constables as a result of the Policing and Crime Act 2017 stating that the power is available to constables attested under Section 24 of the Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003 (BTP special constables are appointed under Section 25 of the aforementioned Act). [34], From 1 April 2014, the divisional structure changed from the previous seven division structure to a four division structure - according to BTP this new structure will 'deliver a more efficient force, generating savings to reinvest in more police officers across the railway network'. [48], Designated custody suites have also been retained as over-spill facilities in London, but are not routinely open, at the following locations: Central London (ten cells), Wembley Park (nine cells), Hammersmith (four cells) and West Ham (four cells). Railways, tramways, and-or rail transit systems. throughout Great Britain for a purpose connected to a railway or to anything occurring on or in relation to a railway. This division is further divided into the following sub-divisions: As of 2015, B Division houses the largest number of personnel of any BTP division: 1,444 police officers, 101 special constables, 191 PCSOs and 361 civilian staff. Further reference is made by the BTP[12] to "an Act of 1838...which according to J. R. Whitbread in The Railway Policeman[13] was the first legislation to provide for any form of policing of the railway whilst under construction, i.e. People tell us they want to know their local community officers and know how to contact them. [93] The issuing of handcuffs to PCSOs has been controversial. [27], In response a survey conducted by Transport for London, which showed that 15% of women using public transport in London had been the subject of some form of unwanted sexual behaviour but that 90% of incidents went unreported, the BTP—in conjunction with the Metropolitan Police Service, City of London Police, and TfL—launched Project Guardian, which aimed to reduce sexual offences and increase reporting. [61][62][63] Government stated that this was not in response to any specific threat, and pointed out that it equipped the BTP with a capability that was already available to other police forces and that BTP relied upon police forces for assistance which was a burden. [54] The scheme won the "passenger safety" category at the UK Rail Industry Awards in 2015. The police authority has agreed its budget for 2016/2017 at £298.6 million. [28], BTP achieved eight of the 12 operational targets for the year 2010/2011.[29]. A BTP constable does not lose the ability to exercise his powers when off duty. We want community policing to be more effective, delivered locally by officers that both communities and partners know and recognise. Specific reference to "constables" rather than mere "policemen" is made by the BTP website article "A History of Policing the Railway"[11] which states "The London, Birmingham and Liverpool Railway Companion of 1838 reports 'Each Constable, besides being in the employ of the company, is sworn as a County Constable.'" Local policing Divisions across Scotland have been given much greater autonomy to determine how best to deliver policing in their local areas. Until the 1990s the principal investigators of railway accidents were the inspecting officers of HM Railway Inspectorate, and BTP involvement was minimal.

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